1st Parachute Brigade

1st Parachute Brigade

On 15th September 1941 authorisation was given for the formation of the 1st Parachute Brigade under Brigadier Richard N Gale. It was first employed operationally during the North African campaign where it was nick-named the ‘Red Devils’ by the Germans. It fought in Sicily, Italy and Arnhem with the 1st Airborne Division and also took part in the Liberation of Denmark.

In 1946 it was deployed to Palestine with the 6th Airborne Division and disbanded in 1948.

Order of Battle:

 

  • 1st Bn Parachute Regiment: 15 Sep 1941 - 30 May 1945
  • 2nd Bn Parachute Regiment: 30 Sep 1941 - 5 Aug 1945
  • 3rd Bn Parachute Regiment: 1 Oct 1941 - 8 May 1945, (re-assigned 6 AB Div in Palestine)
  • 4th Parachute Bn: 1 Jan 1942 - 31 Jul 1942
  • 1st Bn Parachute Regiment [2]: returned 31 Jul 1945
  • 2nd Bn Parachute Regiment [2]: returned 31 Jul 1945
  • 17th Bn Parachute Regiment: 14 Aug 1945


Attached Units 1942-43

  • 1st Parachute Sqn RE: 23 Sep 1942 - 6 May 1945
  • 16th Parachute Field Ambulance: 23 Sep 1942 - 6 May 1945


Assigned Units May to Jul 1945

 

  • ‘B’ Coy, 13th Bn Parachute Regiment: 10 May 1945 - 16 May 1945
  • 1st Royal Dragoons {armoured cars}: 10 May 1945 - 18 Jul 1945
  • 2nd Bn KRRC {motor bn}: 10 May 1945 - 18 Jul 1945


Commanders:

 

  • Brig R.N. Gale. 5 Sep 1941
  • Brig E.W.C. Flavell. 18 Apr 1942
  • Brig G.W. Lathbury 28 Apr 1943 (WIA 18 Sep 1944)
  • Lt-Col J.D. Frost (acting). 19 Sep 1944. (WIA 20 Sep 1944)
  • Brig G.W. Lathbury. 23 Oct 1944
  • Lt-Col A.H. Pepys (acting. 1 Jun 1945
  • Brig E.E.G.L. Searight 12 Jul 1945. [Left 19 Jul 1945]
  • Brig S.J.L. Hill. 30 Jul 1945
  • Brig R.H. Bellamy DSO

 

See also:  HQ & Defence Platoon 1st Parachute Brigade

 

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Photos_11

Pre-combat reports_4

Operation instructions_4

Official accounts_1

Nominal Rolls_1

Post-combat reports_5

War Diaries_4

Maps_4

Roll of Honour_1

Messages_7

  • Special Order of the Day Issued by Major General Browning.

    Special Order of the Day Issued by Major General Browning.

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  • Special Order of the Day Issued by Brigadier Lathbury.

    Special Order of the Day Issued by Brigadier Lathbury.

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  • Special Order of the Day Issued by Major General Browning. April 25, 1943.

    Special Order of the Day Issued by Major General Browning. April 25, 1943.

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  • Messages to Brigadier Flavell About 'Red Devils' Title.

    Messages to Brigadier Flavell About 'Red Devils' Title.

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  • Message to All Ranks 1st Parachute Brigade From Major-General Browning.

    Message to All Ranks 1st Parachute Brigade From Major-General Browning.

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  • Message to Commander 1st Parachute Brigade from General Alexander, April 1943.

    Message to Commander 1st Parachute Brigade from General Alexander, April 1943.

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  • Special Order of the Day Issued by Major-General Browning.

    Special Order of the Day Issued by Major-General Browning.

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Letters and Cards_5

Training instructions_1

Group photos_4

Documents_6

  • Lessons from Ex 'Bones'. August, 1944.
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    Lessons from Ex 'Bones'. August, 1944.

    8 Items
  • 1st Parachute Brigade. Admin Instructions 1 - 3. June , 1944.
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    1st Parachute Brigade. Admin Instructions 1 - 3. June , 1944.

    17 Items
  • Report on Parachute Training. January - March, 1944.
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    Report on Parachute Training. January - March, 1944.

    3 Items
  • Recognition Lights and Container Markings. 1st Parachute Brigade.
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    Recognition Lights and Container Markings. 1st Parachute Brigade.

    3 Items

Medal Citations_1

Official documents_1

Obituaries_1

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