Interview with Sgt Arthur Shackleton focusing on Arnhem and Rhine Crossing.
Sergeant Arthur Shackleton (DOB 1918) Glider pilot, interviewed by the Second World War Experience Centre July 2002. Joins the Army
The 6th Air Landing Brigade formed in May 1943 and formed the glider-borne element of the newly formed 6th Airborne Division.
The Brigade landed as the second airborne lift in Normandy on 6 June 1944 and was constantly in action until the break-out to the Seine in August. It fought in the Ardennes during the winter of 1944-5 and landed under fire during the Rhine Crossing operation in March 1945 and participated in the subsequent advance to the Baltic ending in May 1945.
After the war the Brigade participated in the 6th Airborne Division’s internal security role in Palestine during 1945-6. The Brigade lost its airborne role in Palestine in 1946 and was redesignated 31st Infantry Brigade. The 1st Parachute Brigade replaced them in Palestine in April 1946.
Order of Battle:
Arab intransigence over the surge of Jewish immigration that followed the Holocaust in Europe led to the forming of extreme dissident Zionist groups such as IZL (Irgun Zwai Leumi) and the Stern Gang, all seeking to promote their aims through violence.
The 6th Airborne Division was tasked to seize the high ground of the Diersfort Wood, overlooking part of the Rhine to be crossed by the British 21st Army Group.
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