Shan Hackett at Arnhem: An article by John Waddy
At Knossington Hall in Rutland on 14th September 1944 Brigadier 'Shan' Hackett gave out his orders to his 4th Parachute Brigade 'Orders Group' for Operation MARKET, and having finished, he asked th
Authority was given to form the 4th Parachute Brigade in the Middle East in North Africa in December 1942. Brigadier John Hackett assumed command in January 1943.
It was initially assigned to the 4th Airborne Division, a phantom division, as a deception measure to create a false Order of Battle in Operation Cascade. Later in 1943 it was assigned to the 1st Airborne Division participating in the invasion of Italy and was withdrawn back to the UK with the 1st Airborne Division in preparation for D-Day.
After a series of cancelled 1st Airborne Division operations following D-Day the 4th Brigade was part of the second lift into Arnhem during the ill-fated Operation Market Garden in Southern Holland in September 1944. The brigade was virtually wiped out in fighting west of Arnhem and in the perimeter besieged by the Germans at Oosterbeek. It was disbanded on return to the UK in October 1944 and the survivors transferred to the remnants of the 1st Parachute Brigade.
Order of Battle:
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